Yildiz Aumeeruddy-Thomas is Director of Research and Head of the Biocultural Interactions team at the Center for Functional and Evolutionary Ecology (CNRS). She is Co-Director of the CNRS program on biodiversity in the Mediterranean region (BioDivMex) and is a Lead Author of the Global Assessment of IPBES. She worked as an ethnoecologist over the last 30 years on human-nature interactions, especially how local and indigenous knowledge shape anthropogenic landscapes. After her thesis in Sumatra (Indonesia), she was the Coordinator for the WWF-UNESCO People and Plants Initiative (Himalayas) of a program including field sites and capacity building in applied ethnobotany for improving plant conservation (Nepal, India, China, Pakistan and Bhutan). Since 2006, her research has focused in the Mediterranean basin, with a range of case studies (Morocco, Sicily, France), focusing on tree components within agroecosystems, their domestication and diversification within the context of interdisciplinary collaborations with archeobotanists, geneticists, linguists and ecologists.